From the second half of 2013, affected by “Anti-dumping and Countervailing Duty” on imported polysilicon by China government, the price of polysilicon on China market rose slightly to 167,000 CNY/Ton in the March of 2014. After that, demand on China market decreased so the price decreased to 148,000 CNY/Ton in the end of 2014. In 2015, price of downstream photovoltaic silicon wafer cells rose gradually. China polysilicon manufacturers had to enlarge production and capacity to lower cost. Meanwhile, the product stock of 2014 was still there in 2015. The supply of polysilicon in 2015 was sufficient. Oversupply leads to the downward price. The average price of polysilicon is 120,000 CNY/Ton in China in 2015, down by over 20% YOY. The price dropped from 144,000 CNY/Ton in January 2015 to 106,000 CNY/Ton in December 2015.
Imported polysilicon reached 116,892 tons in 2015, up by 14.4% YOY. Polysilicon imported from Korea was 51,189 tons, accounted for 43.8% of the total import volume. Globally, 91% of polysilicon is consumed in photovoltaic field, most of which is consumed in China. Global giant polysilicon production capacity depends on the consumption of China’s expanding photovoltaic market. The polysilicon import volume in China keeps on the high level.
Global photovoltaic installation was 57GW in 2015, up by 23.9%, which is stimulated by China, US, Japan and other emerging market. CRI forecast the installation will reach 65 GW in 2016, up by 14.0%. China, the U.S.A. and Japan occupy 72% of global photovoltaic market. Supported by the U.S. and China market expanding, the global solar energy and photovoltaic industry will keep growing in the next years, which will enhance the demand of polysilicon in China market.
As the downstream market expands, demand for polysilicon is increasing, which promotes global polysilicon production. However, foreign polysilicon enterprises avoid the duties through processing trade and occupy the market with low prices, which lead to elimination of weak enterprises and high concentration rate in China polysilicon industry.