At present, the bottleneck of the ship equipment industry is the largest barrier of China to become a shipbuilding power with the direct influence of the matching rate on the shipbuilding profit margin, which needs researches. The total export value of the ship equipment was USD 3.03 billion with a decrease of 4.7% YOY while the total import value of that was USD 4.43 billion with a decrease of 8.1% YOY in China in 2015.
The ship equipment is mainly manufactured through the introduction of licenses and the cooperation with foreign enterprises due to the lack of core technologies in China. The equipment R&D mainly depends on government investment while the independent one is insufficient. Ship equipment manufacturers are committed to the expansion of production capacity instead of the independent R&D for rapid development. The innovation ability of them in China is inferior to that in Japan and South Korea.
According to CRI, the number of ship equipment manufacturers was over 500 by the end of 2015. Meanwhile, the total market share of top 5 enterprises including Hudong Heavy Machinery Co., Ltd., Wuhan Marine Machinery Plant Co., Ltd. and CSSC Marine Power Co., Ltd. was about 12%, leading to a fully competitive status of the industry. Numerous ship equipment manufacturers are large in product homogeneity which leads to the overcapacity and cutthroat competition. Meanwhile, redundant building projects also exist in partial fields of advantage products.