In 2015, the export value of textiles was USD 11.53 billion in China with a decline of 2.3% YOY which was mainly caused by the increasing costs. In recent years, the growing costs of land, energy and labor dramatically increased the comprehensive costs of textile enterprises in China, which placed them on inferior position in international competition. For example, the land cost of Chinese companies is 5-10 times as high as that of foreign competitors.
The price of electricity in China is 2-3 times higher than the foreign one. The fast-growing living cost leads to the increasing labor cost in China. The labor cost of China textile industry is 2-5 times over that of Southeast Asia and India. The price of domestic cotton with lower quality is 50% higher than that of the imported one.
With the development of industrialization and urbanization in China, the improvement of the living standard and level-up demand structure lead to the transformation from mid-low end textiles to high-end products, which promotes the enhancement of market size. Under the export pressure, domestic markets become the major markets for textile enterprises to develop as well as the key drivers of China textile industry.
It is predicted that in the next 3-5 years, China textile industry in possess of perfect industry chain and large domestic market will continue to maintain a certain advantage in the world. However, in the longer run, the costs of China textile industry rise so fast that the production capacity of the textile industry will continue to transfer overseas, which will undermine the overall advantages of China textile industry chain. In addition, the position of China textile industry in the world will face more challenges.